Caroline Bowen AM PhD Speech-Language Pathologist


Dr Caroline Bowen AM is a semi-retired Australian Speech-Language Pathologist. She is an Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Health Sciences (Speech-Language Pathology) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban South Africa; an Adjunct Fellow, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology, Sydney; a Certified Practising Member of Speech Pathology Australia; a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; a Life Member of the NSW Private Practitioners’ Network of Speech Pathology Australia; a Life Member of Speech Pathology Australia; and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists. With qualifications and forty-two years of clinical experience in speech pathology, she has also undertaken studies in speech and drama, and family therapy, and has a doctorate in clinical linguistics.

World Cat Identities

Professional Education

  • 1996 PhD: Clinical Linguistics,
    Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW
  • 1989 Dip FTIA: Family Therapy,
    Family Therapy Institute of Australia, Sydney, NSW
  • 1970 LACST:
    Victorian School of Speech and Hearing Science, Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1966 LTCL: Speech and Drama (Teaching)
    Trinity College London

Consultancy, collaboration, expertise requests

Caroline Bowen is enthusiastically engaged in consultancy for international projects that range from professional publication, to web site content development, to Apps (including doing voice-overs and narration), to motion pictures, to children's television, to theatre. Now semi-retired, she will consider new ventures such as academic and clinical teaching, research collaboration and expertise requests, anywhere.


Clinical Practice in Gordon NSW March 1976 - May 2004

After five years in the public sector in general hospital and school settings, Caroline was a joint founder in 1976 of an independent Speech Pathology Group Practice in Gordon (Sydney, Australia) which she administered for 28 professionally and personally satisfying years.

In that time she assessed and treated thousands of children and adolescents with a range of voice, speech, language, fluency, hearing and social communication challenges, and adults with voice disorders, gaining wide experience. This brought with it an appreciation of the role of families in assessment and therapy and prompted Caroline to undertake Family Therapy studies, at the Family Therapy Institute of Australia, in 1988-1989.

Working with children with speech sound disorders

As her interest and expertise in the clinical management of children’s speech sound disorders grew, her work became more specialised. By 1994 her caseload consisted primarily of children with phonological disorders, articulation disorders and childhood apraxia of speech. At least half of these children with speech sound disorders had 'other' communication and developmental difficulties such as autism spectrum disorders, craniofacial differences, developmental language disorder (DLD, also known as Specific Language Impairment, or SLI), Down syndrome, fluency disorders, hearing impairment, 'late talking', traumatic brain injury, visual impairment and Williams syndrome.

Doctoral studies 1990-1996 and a book in 1998

In 1996 Caroline completed doctoral studies, expertely supervised and co-supervised by Dr Linda Cupples and Dr Teresa Iacono respectively, in the area of intervention for children with phonological disorders. Two years later her first book, Developmental Phonological Disorders: A Practical Guide for Families and Teachers (Bowen, 1998) was published.

The intervention approach that she developed and evaluated for her PhD, and describes in the 1998 book, is called Parents and Children Together, or PACT. PACT is a broad-based approach to phonological therapy in which parents, child and clinician are actively involved.

The book, which is now out of print, was proudly dedicated to her parents, Frederick Hart (b.28-07-11 d.25-10-99) and Isobel Margaret Hart née Wallace (b.28-08-13 d.22-09-12).


Clinical Practice in Wentworth Falls NSW June 2004 - August 2011

The scene changed in June 2004 when Caroline and her husband, Don Bowen, relocated and Caroline commenced a solo speech pathology practice in the beautiful Blue Mountains village of Wentworth Falls. This allowed more time for Caroline to pursue her interest in writing and presenting Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Events, while continuing to treat children with a range of communication issues.

As of September 1, 2011 Dr Bowen no longer sees children for assessment or for ongoing intervention. Neither does she perform second opinions. She continues to read, write, think and present Continuing Professional Development (CPD) events, worldwide.

Continuing Professional Development

Since 2005 Caroline has had the honour, pleasure and challenge of presenting invited Continuing Professional development (CPD) events to SLPs/SLTs and students in cities and towns in all six states (NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA) and two territories (ACT, NT) of Australia and in twenty-one other countries: Canada, Denmark, England, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland (Éire), Malaysia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Portugal, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States.

From January 2015 Caroline reduced her CPD activities and travel, but continues to carefully consider all invitations, wherever they are from. There is information here.

Webwords Internet Column in ACQ and JCPSLP

Caroline wrote Webwords, the Internet column in the Journal of Clinical Practice in Speech-Language Pathology (formerly ACQ). JCPSLP is Speech Pathology Australia's clinical and professional journal, published three times a year.

Webwords addresses a gamut of SLP/SLT topics and appeared in every issue of ACQ from 1999 to 2011 (Webwords 1 to 41), and each issue of JCPSLP from March 2012 to July 2018 (Webwords 42 to 61). All the columns are here, in pdf and https format.

Social media

Twitter / X
Caroline's Twitter handle, now probably called an X-handle, but who knows, is @speechwoman and most of her Tweets are SLP/SLT-related. Since March 5, 2014 she has been co-administrator, with Professor Bronwyn Hemsley, of the WeSpeechies (@WeSpeechies) RoCur in Twitter; WeSpeechies is currently inactive. She also co-administers, with Professor Pamela Snow, and which relate to their book pulications.
She administers E3BPforSSD. E3BP is a private Facebook group for SLPs/SLTs and interested others to discuss evidence-based, theoretically sound, and evidence-informed assessment and intervention for Speech Sound Disorders in children and young people. It was launched by Bowen on October 19, 2019, following Yahoo's announcement that the Yahoo! Groups would be discontinued.
She has two Mastodon accounts: which is SLP/SLT related, and which is more eclected, but still with a cerain amount of SLP/SLT content. She is not very active in Mastodon but may become so, depending on Twitter's trajectory. Currently, it's not looking good.



2007 French translation of Bowen, 1998


After years of collaboration with, and hard work by Rachel Fortin, a French translation of Bowen, 1998 was published in Montreal, Canada as Bowen & Fortin, 2007.

Curiously, sales of the popular French translation, Les difficultés phonologiques chez l'enfant: Guide à l’intention des familles, des enseignantes et des intervenantes en petite enfance, far exceed those of the original English version.




2009 book 'for clinicians by a clinician'

While Caroline's 1998 and 2007 books are addressed to the families and teachers of children with phonological disorder in particular, the primary target readership for Bowen, 2009 is clinicians and clinical educators, and it covers the full range of speech sound disorders in children.

Described by some readers and reviewers as being 'for clinicians by a clinician', Children's Speech Sound Disorders addresses the assessment and intervention issues that arise in the day-to-day clinical practice of SLP/SLT colleagues wherever they are. Half this 430 page book is by Dr Bowen herself and half by 51 expert contributors.



2013 Consonant Clusters intervention resource

Bowen, C., & Rippon, H. (2013). Consonant Clusters: Alliterative Stories and Activities for Phonological Intervention. Cowling, Keighley: Black Sheep Press. CODE: PW12

Intended for use by Speech and Language Therapists/Speech-Language Pathologists (SLTs/SLPs), Consonant Clusters: Alliterative Stories and Activities for Phonological Intervention by Caroline Bowen comprises information about, and resources for applying a complexity principle to intervention for children who have turned four, and who have moderate or severe phonological difficulties and poorly intelligible speech.


It begins with a clear explanation of the reasoning and research underpinning the pack, followed by information for therapists and families, a Cluster Screener in the form of a Monosyllabic-Word Imitation Task, and 90 pages of carefully thought out Activity Sheets illustrated by Helen Rippon.

2015 2nd Edition of Children's Speech Sound Disorders

Bowen, C. (2015). Children's Speech Sound Disorders (2nd ed.). Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-118-63402-8

Speaking directly to experienced and novice  clinicians, educators and students in speech-language pathology/speech and language therapy via an informative essay-based approach, Children’s Speech Sound Disorders provides concise, easy-to-understand explanations of key aspects of the classification, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of articulation disorders, phonological disorders and childhood apraxia of speech. It also includes a range of searching questions to 60 international experts on their work in the child speech field.



2017 Making Sense of Interventions for Children with Developmental Disorders


Bowen, C. & Snow, P. (2017). Making Sense of Interventions for Children with Developmental Disorders. Guildford: J&R Press.

This book, Making Sense of Interventions for Children with Developmental Disorders, is about pseudoscientific interventions for children’s speech, language, literacy, fluency, voice, communication, behaviour and social connectedness.

Clarifying why these interventions don't or won't work, and in some cases why they are risky, the authors also guide readers towards interventions with good credentials that are underpinned by science and common sense.

Follow 'Making Sense' on Twitter @TxChoices. Visit the "order page" on the J&R Press site.



2023 3rd Edition of Children's Speech Sound Disorders







Bowen, C. (2023). Children's speech sound disorders (3rd ed). Wiley-Blackwell.
Order from the Publisher in the UK, in AU | or from Amazon

Professional activities and honours

A strong advocate for her profession, Caroline is active in several capacities as a Speech Pathology Australia member.

She was surprised and delighted, in 1986, to be made a Life Member of the Private Speech Pathologists’ Association of New South Wales (later to become the NSW Private Practitioners' Network of Speech Pathology Australia) for services to professional practice.

Fourteen years later, she was honoured to receive Speech Pathology Australia's Elinor Wray Award for 2000 for services to the profession, and in the same year she was appointed as an Honorary Associate in Linguistics at Macquarie University, in Sydney, NSW, remainig in that role from 2000-to-2023.

Then, in 2003 she had the privilege of presenting the annual Elizabeth Usher Memorial Lecture at the Speech Pathology Australia convention in Hobart, Tasmania. The paper was entitled, Harnessing the Net: A Challenge for Speech-Language Pathologists.

In 2005 she was the Speech Pathology Australia National Tour speaker. This amazing learning experience (for the presenter!) took her to Adelaide South Australia, Brisbane Queensland, Cairns Queensland, Darwin Northern Territory, Launcestion Tasmania, Melbourne Victoria, Perth Western Australia and Sydney Australia. SPA's Summary of the 2005 Tour

In 2008 she was elected as an ASHA Fellow. The award of ASHA Fellow recognizes professional or scientific achievement and is given to members who have made outstanding contributions to the professions of Speech-Language Pathology and/or Audiology. The award is one of the highest honors that ASHA can bestow and is retained for life. [list of ASHA award recipients]

In 2011 she was proud, overwhelmed and rendered almost speechless with emotion during the award ceremony in which her Life Membership of Speech Pathology Australia was conferred.

In 2014 she was thrilled to receive the award of Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.





















Caroline Bowen at the Order of Australia investiture ceremony, Government House, Sydney on May 4, 2018.


On Australia Day, 2018 she was privileged to become a Member of the Order of Australia: AM, in the Honorary Division ("honorary" because she is a New Zealand national): "For significant service to speech pathology and clinical linguistics as a therapist, academic, educator and mentor." Details | Story


Caroline Bowen (pictured left) at the Order of Australia investiture ceremony, Government House, Sydney on May 4, 2018. Image by Rob Tuckwell


Wikipedia entry


















Selected Publications


Asad, A., Purdy, S. C., Ballard, Fairgray, L., & Bowen, C. (2018).  Phonological processes in the speech of school-age children with hearing loss: Comparisons with children with normal hearing. Journal of Communication Disorders, 74, 10-22.

Bowen, C. (2000). PACT: Collaboration avec les familles et les enseignants rééducation phonologique. Rééducation Orthophonique, 203, Septembre, 11-17.

Bowen, C., & Cupples, L. (1998). A tested phonological therapy in practice. Child Language Teaching and Therapy.14(1), 29-50.

Bowen, C., & Cupples, L. (1999a). Parents and children together (PACT): a collaborative approach to phonological therapy. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. 34(1), 35-55.

Bowen, C., & Cupples, L. (1999b). A phonological therapy in depth: a reply to commentaries. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders.34(1), 65-83.

Bowen, C., & Cupples, L. (2004). The role of families in optimising phonological therapy outcomes. Child language Teaching and Therapy, 20(3), 245-260.

Bowen, C. & Cupples, L. (2006). PACT: Parents and children together in phonological therapy. Advances in Speech Language Pathology, 8(3), 282-292.

Hemsley, B. & Bowen, C. (2015). A Call for Evidence To Inform The Use of Twitter in Speech Language Pathology. Journal of the Speech-Language-Hearing Association of Taiwan, 33, 61-72.

McLeod, S., Verdon, S., & Bowen, C. (2013). International aspirations for speech-language pathologists' practice with multilingual children with speech sound disorders: Development of a position paper. Journal of Communication Disorders, 46, 375-387.

McLeod, S., Verdon, S., & International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children’s Speech (2017). Tutorial: Speech assessment for multilingual children who do not speak the same language(s) as the speech-language pathologist. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 26(3), 691–708.


Bowen, C. (2019). Internet resources in Damico, J. S. and Ball, M. J. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders. Thousand Oaks: CA. Sage Publications.

Bowen, C. (2019). Metaphonology in Damico, J. S. and Ball, M. J. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders. Thousand Oaks: CA. Sage Publications.

Bowen, C. (2019). Articulation Therapy (Phonetic Intervention) in Damico, J. S. and Ball, M. J. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders. Thousand Oaks: CA. Sage Publications.

Bowen, C. (2019). Phonological and Phonemic Awareness in Damico, J. S. and Ball, M. J. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders. Thousand Oaks: CA. Sage Publications.


Bowen, C. (1998). Give me five: A broad-based approach to phonological therapy. Communications Ahead. Dunedin: New Zealand Speech-Language Therapists’ Association Biennial Conference Proceedings.

Bowen, C. (2003b). Harnessing the Net: A challenge for Speech Language Pathologists. The 2003 Elizabeth Usher Memorial Lecture. In C. Williams & S. Leitao (Eds), Nature, Nurture, Knowledge, Proceedings of the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Hobart. pp. 9-20.


Bowen, C. (2003). Phonological Disorders. Learning Disabilities Sourcebook, 2nd edn. Health Reference Series Detroit: Omnigraphics.

Bowen, C. (2010). Parents and Children Together (PACT). In Williams, A. L., McCauley, R. E., & McLeod, S. (Eds.). Interventions for Speech Sound Disordersin Children. Baltimore: Paul Brookes.

Watts Pappas, N., & Bowen, C. (2007). Speech Acquisition and the Family. In McLeod, S. (Editor). The International Guide to Speech Acquisition. Clifton Park, N.Y.: Thomson Delmar Learning, 86-90.


Bowen, C. (1998). Developmental phonological disorders: A practical guide for families and teachers. Melbourne: The Australian Council for Educational Research Ltd.

Bowen, C. (2007). Les difficultés phonologiques chez l'enfant : guide à l'intention des familles, des enseignants et des intervenants en petite enfance Caroline Bowen; Rachel Fortin, traductrice et adaptatrice. Montréal: Chenelière-éducation.

Bowen, C. (2009). Children's speech sound disorders. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bowen, C. (2015). Children's Speech Sound Disorders (2nd ed.). Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell.

Bowen, C. & Snow, P. C. (2017). Making Sense of Interventions for Children with Developmental Disorders. Guildford: J&R Press.

Bowen, C. (2023) Children's Speech Sound Disorders (3rd ed), Wiley-Blackwell.


Bowen, C., & Rippon, H. (2013). Consonant Clusters: Alliterative Stories and Activities for Phonological Intervention. Cowling, Keighley: Black Sheep Press.


Kuster, J. M. & Bowen, C. (2002). Fluency and fluency disorders: Discussion forums and web sites. ACQuiring Knowledge in Speech, Language and Hearing, 4(2), 75-77.

WEBWORDS (61 Articles: 1999 to 2018)


Caroline's top leisure pursuits are national and international travel, reading, writing, walking (daily), bushwalking (not often enough) gardening and dining out. She is passionate about social justice, Aboriginal reconciliation, native title, conservation, the National Film and Sound Archive of Australia, the ABC, Speech Pathology Australia and her profession. Her favourite places in the world are Sydney and London; the villages of St Fillans in Scotland, Wentworth Falls in the Blue Mountains, NSW, and New Zealand - all of it!

She is proud of her three grown up children, Philippa (Pip), Barnaby (Bar), and Luke, and her lovely grandchildren Jonathan David (b. August 29, 2007), Arabella Caroline (b. December 30, 2009), Isla Alice (b. July 22, 2015), and Alex Louis (b. August 15, 2017). She enjoys their company, and the company of David (Pip's husband), and Rachael (Luke's wife) as well as good coffee, classical music, the visual arts and her garden.

And the icing on the cake is being married to Don Bowen PhD.

Aviator oyna cox olk?l?rd? h?r gun daha cox populyarlasan maraql? pul oyunudur. Sad?liyi v? yuks?k qazanma nisb?ti il? cox qumarbaz?n ur?yini qazand?.